Plot Analysis
C. S. Lewis was born in Belfast in 1898 and lived to the age of 64.
From a young age Lewis was a voracious reader. He created his first fictional world ‘Boxen,’ in which animals ran the town. He loved mythology and fairy tales so most of the stories he wrote in his youth featured those elements.
As he grew up Lewis wrote a wider range of texts including poetry and opera. He published academic papers and became a lecturer at Oxford and Cambridge Universities.
Lewis was drafted into the army in WW1. In 1939 when WW2 began Lewis tried to re-enlist in the army. However, due to his age his request was denied. Instead, he employed his talents to bring hope to the country with radio broadcasts during the war.
His most successful books are The Chronicles of Narnia - a seven part fantasy series for children. The Lion, The Witch  and The Wardrobe is the first in the series. It sold millions of copies and have been adapted for stage and screen. It is now considered a classic of children’s literature.
Brief Synopsis 
Four young siblings move to a Professor’s house to escape WW2 bombing. The siblings discover a wardrobe leading to a magic frosty world ‘ Narnia’, populated by talking animals and illegitimately ruled by a cruel Witch.
The siblings find themselves involved in the Witch’s defeat by Narnia's true king, a compassionate Lion. This will result in the ice melting and crowning of the kids as Narnia’s royals.  
One day, the kids go back to their world through the wardrobe. 
Historical Context
During the World War II Britain was under constant attack by bombing. To protect children from the bombs, they were sent to live in the country side, which wasn’t targeted by the enemy. The children were called Evacuees. A loud air raid siren would be played throughout the city to warn everyone of the upcoming blitz.
The evacuees would travel to their new homes by train and wouldn’t be allowed to take very much with them. Maybe only a change of clothes and a teddy bear. When they got on the train they were given tags, like the ones we put on our suitcases, to tell the adults collecting them in the country, who they were and where they came from.
A brief  documentary ‘’ The Lives of WW2 Evacuees | Hunting for History | BBC Teach ‘’ about evacuees by BBC can be found here: Screenshots from the documentary’s clips are showed below.
The script evokes nostalgia as it’s based on C.S. Lewis’s famous children book. Christian elements are brought to life to show the battle between good and evil. The costumes will show a mix of realistic and fantastical elements to reflect the underlying religious theme. Through his love for mythology and animals, the writer seems to explore and walk the audience through Catholic morals.
Character Analysis
1. White Witch
She is Relentless in keeping power of Narnia. She says, ''When two sons of Adams, two daughters of Eve sit on the four thrones, for all to believe, the White Witch will die, her wicked reign will cease.'' - Act 1, Scene 2.
She is Wicked. She says, ''She managed to turn the beautiful, lush green land into snow and ice for one hundred Narnian years'' - Introduction. She turns creatures to stone, ''The Witch produces a magic wand which she weaves. A steaming goblet appears in a cloud of smoke’' - act 1, scene 2.
She is Evil as she praises Edmund and makes false promises just to reach her malicious aims. She says, "If you do me the great favour of introducing me to your family, I will have to return that favour. You are the handsomest young man I've ever met. Why don't you become my prince? You would be the the King of Narnia." The White Witch lies by calling herself the Queen of Narnia while Aslan is the true king.
2. Professor
He is Wise because he fairly judges situations under careful considerations. He helps Peter understand that Narnia might exist by giving credit to Lucy’s side of the story. He asks Peter, "Does your previous experience lead you to believe that your brother is more reliable than your sister? Which of them is more truthful?" - Act 1, Scene 1. He understands that the kids went to Narnia and reclaimed their throne. He says, "Once a King or Queen of Narnia, always a King or Queen of Narnia!''
He is Considerate about situations and doesn’t want Peter, Susan, Lucy and Edmund to be in unnecessary trouble. He says, ''I don’t think it will be any good trying to get back to Narnia that way again'' Act 1, scene 2.  Despite his knowledge of the dangers of Narnia, the professor doesn't hinder the kids from meeting their destiny and fulfilling Narnia’s prophecy.
He is Kind because he hosts and takes care of the children, so they can escape the air raids in London during World War II.
3. Lucy
She is Curious as she discovers Narnia and doesn't hesitate to learn more about the new world. 
She is Honest as she never makes things up. She says, "No Peter. I’m not making it up." - Act 1, Scene 1. She stands by her truth even when her siblings don't believe her.
She is Young and the youngest among the siblings. Her youthfulness is showed by her persistent enthusiasm, optimism and naivety.
The effect the play has on me
The play brings nostalgia as it’s based on C.S. Lewis’s famous book for kids. It also makes me think of Christianity. Recurrent Christian elements (Jesus, resurrection, evil, etc) are brought to life to show the battle between good and bad. The costumes will show a mix of realistic and fantastical elements to reflect the underlying religious theme.
The writer’s intentions
Texts show that C.S Lewis had an intricate relation with religion. C. S. Lewis's conversion to Christianity was influenced by J. R. R. Tolkien, a Catholic, and although Lewis embraced many distinctively Catholic teachings, such as purgatory and the sacrament of Confession, he never formally entered the Church.
In the play, there are many references to Christianity e.g. Jesus, Judas, the devil, resurrection, etc. Through his love for mythology and animals, the writer seems to explore and walk the audience through Catholic morals.
Place and Time
The story occurs in 1940 in England (human world). In Narnia, the year is not specified. The first act occurs is Winter, leading to Spring in the second act. This change should be reflected in the witch and siblings costumes.
Examples of past stage and screen productions
Costume requirements
My scenario will reflect the script, set in the 40s (Britain, Earth) and in a fantastic world (Narnia) with actors played by male (Professor) and female (Lucy, Witch) characters.  
Lucy - ACT 1 SCENE 1: The Children’s bedroom at the Professor’s house
The scene doesn't describe her costume, but the following considerations come from my research and the given scenario:
Undergarment: Can wear modern underwear, period socks or stockings.
Outer: dress with pin tucks on the bodice and box pleats on the skirt. Otherwise, a shirt with round collar, jacket textured with pintucks or pleats over the top, with a pleated skirt.
Head/hair: curly above the shoulder , with a headband.
Make up: youthful make up for stage light.
Shoes: period shoes, adequate for dancing.
General costume requirements for Lucy: Movement and Pockets
In this scene, Lucy is playing games with her siblings so she needs to be able to walk fast, dance/sing, and run on stage ‘’ Act 1 scene 1: the kids play a chase game, p.1 ’’.
Lucy goes from the Professor’s house (script doesn't specify which season of the year) to the snowy Narnia.  
She doesn't change her costume during the act as young Lucy, so this costume has to meet requirements for most of the scenes: a little dress with at least one pocket (she will have to carry props in Act 2 ‘’Father Christmas hands her a small bottle and a dagger) and a belt loop or something similar to hang the dagger from her waist.
Perhaps a cardigan or little jacket to wear in the house and Narnia, that she can simply remove during Spring (act 2).
As Queen Lucy in the second act, she will need a different and more complex costume.
Although 40’s evacuees would have coats and hats frothier train journey, this play adaptation starts with the kids being already in the house so Lucy doesn’t need a coat and a hat.
Sourcing, Making, Buying, Hiring: this costume can be sourced in stock and altered to fit the actor’s body.
Costume duplication: n/a (as per script, it doesn't need breaking down effects)
Budget considerations: within £100.
Professor - ACT 1 SCENE 1: The Children’s bedroom at the Professor’s house
The scene doesn't describe his clothes but it’s evening and he meets the kids for the first time (he wants to be presentable, but he's also about to go to sleep).
Undergarment: Can wear modern underwear, period socks.
Outer: shirt, suit. Perhaps waistcoat under the suit.
Head/hair: short curly hair with receding hairline.
Make up: pale make up as the professor spends most of hist time at the house reading
Shoes: period shoes
General costume requirements for Professor
He should be instantly recognisable as ‘academic’ in sleepwear - shirt, bow tie, robe with pockets.
Professor’s scenes occur in the house (evening, before kids go to sleep at 9 pm). The scrip says that he often has guests, so he probably wants to look well-presented.
He appears in first and last scene in the time span of two days, but doesn't require any mayor change of costume for theatre purposes (perhaps a tie instead of a bow tie). While the kids save Narnia and spent years there, few hours occurred at the Professor’s since they left. The same costume will emphasise that events have happened in a short time.
Costume duplication: n/a (as per script, it doesn't need breaking down effects).
Sourcing, Making, Buying, Hiring: This costume would be made by the wardrobe or be altered by sourcing in the stock.
Budget considerations: he has only one costume, but his garments need high quality fabrics (perhaps £300) to convey his higher social class.
White Witch - ACT 1 SCENE 2: The Land of Narnia in Winter
This scene briefly describes the character by alluding to white garments, a crown and a cloak.
Undergarments: 1850s chemise, corset, cage crinoline, petticoat and stockings to achieve the silhouette  
Outer Garments: dress, cloak and a brooch to hold it in place from the neck/shoulder - ‘’I will put a cloak around you, and we will talk’’ p20. It needs an internal pocket for wand or large sleeves - ‘‘ The Witch produces a magic wand which she waves’’ p.20.
Head piece: crown - an icy headpiece as the Witch calls herself the Queen of Narnia. This crown could melts or slightly appear different once the Spring arrives (item duplication with breaking down effects required).
Shoes: icy-looking character shoes.
Accessories/Jewels: earrings, gloves (perhaps), wand (prop)
 Hair: hair up
Make up: pale/white looking face and body, ice colour eyes
General costume requirements for White Witch: Movements Capability
As a villain in a musical, the witch’s costumes require movement capability. The character needs to sit, get up and walk - ‘’the witch enters on her sleigh’’ p.19.
She needs to to move agilely when involved in battle scenes (act 2).
Her arms needs movement to carry a whip for her sleigh and to wave a wand to cast spells.
Change of costume at the end of Act 1:
Witch has a change of costume in ‘The Forest, Act 2 Scene 1’’. Her last exit is at the ‘blackout’ of act 1 (ending page 36). She returns to the stage at page (42 act 2) with a Spring costume.
This second act features Narnia’s battle, so the witch needs a battle costume with armourial effects. It is important that this costume still looks icy but more ‘hostile’ as the witch is furious and aims to defend ‘her’ land from the enemies for good.  
Costume duplication: n/a (as per script, it doesn't need breaking down effects).
Sourcing, Making, Buying, Hiring: This costume ensemble will probably have to be made by the wardrobe because of its peculiarity.
Budget considerations:  £500 because she requires a custom-made royal look.

Colour Directory
I’ve looked at the Romanovs pictures as reference to create a Russian Imperial colour palette.
The picture below taken in early 1910s ( was recently re-worked in colour. I used Photoshop to achieve the colours from the photo. Colours and fabric samples available at and

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